August, 14, 2019
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 24
Volume : 52
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

ImivaoÀ hn`P\w `cWLS\bpsS \áamb ewL\w
{]^. tdmWn sI. t__n
   
C´ybpsS `cWLS\mX¯z§fpsS \áamb ewL\amWv Imivaocn\p \ÂInb kzbw`cWmhImiw ]n³hen¨psImWvSpw Imivaocns\ sh«napdn¨psImWvSpw DWvSmb tamZnkÀ¡mcnsâ Xocpam\w. \nehnepÅ kwØm\§sf hn`Pn¡pItbm ]pXnb kwØm\§Ä cq]oIcn¡pItbm sN¿pt¼mÄ ]ment¡WvS am\ZÞ§sf¡pdn¨p ]dbp¶ `cWLS\bpsS aq¶mw hIp¸v _Ôs¸« kwØm\\nbak`bpsS AwKoImct¯msS am{Xta CXn\pthWvSnbpÅ _nÃv ]mÀesaân AhXcn¸n¡mhq F¶p hyàam¡p¶p
   
 

C´y³ `cWLS\bpsS BÀ«n¡nÄ H¶v \nÀhNn¡p¶Xv C´y Hcp "bqWnb³ Hm^v tÌävkv' BWv F¶mWv. (India that is Bharath shall be a Union of States) "bqWnb³ Hm^v tÌävkv' F¶XpsImWvSv AÀ°am¡p¶Xv C´y³ kwØm\§sfÃmw ]qÀWambpw ebn¨v H¶mbn¯oÀ¶ cmPyw F¶mWv. "bqWnb³ Hm^v tÌävkv' F¶Xn cWvSv Bib§Ä AS§nbncn¡p¶Xmbn `cWLS\minev]n tUm. Awt_ZvIÀ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. H¶v, tI{µkwØm\`cWLSI§Ä X½nepÅ DS¼SnbpsS ^eambn cq]wsImWvSXà C´y³ s^Utdj³. cWvSv, kwØm\§Ä¡v bqWnb\nÂ\n¶p hn«pamdm³ kzmX{´yhpanÃ.
]t£, Atacn¡sb hnfn¡p¶Xv bpssWäUv tÌävkv F¶mWv. bpssWäUv tÌävkv F¶p ]dªm kwØm\§Ä Hcpan¨p\n¡p¶p F¶mWÀ°w. C´y³ `cWLS\bnse bqWnb\pw Atacn¡³ `cWLS\bnse bpssWäUpw X½n henb AÀ°hyXymkw DWvSv. Atacn¡sb temIs¯ amXrIms^Utdj³ F¶p hnfn¡pt¼mÄ C´ysb hntijn¸n¡p¶Xv Hcp AÀ²s^Ud cmPyw F¶mWv. kzmX{´y¯n\ptijw XncphnXmwIqÀ DÄs¸sSbpÅ Nne \m«pcmPy§Ä Atacn¡³ tamU s^Ud `cWLS\bv¡pthWvSn hmZn¨psh¦nepw bqWnädn NmbvhpÅ Hcp `cWLS\ cq]hXvIcn¡phm\mbncp¶p \½psS `cWLS\minev]nIfpsS Xocpam\w.
s^Utdj³ F¶ hm¡v cq]s¸«Xv t^mUkv F¶ emän³hm¡nÂ\n¶pamWv. CXnsâ AÀ°w {Soän AYhm DS¼Sn F¶mWv. Hcp s^Utdjsâ Ahn`mPy`mKamWv AwKkwØm\§fpw tI{µkÀ¡mcpw (s^Ud Kh¬saâpw) X½n H¸phbv¡p¶ DS¼Sn. Cu DS¼SnbneqsS s^Utdj\n tNcp¶ ap³ kzX{´]cam[nImc{]tZi§fpsS A[nImc§Ä \ne\nÀ¯Wsa¶pw kwØm\§fn s^Ud kÀ¡mcnsâ A[nImc§Ä ]cnanXs¸Sp¯Wsa¶pw Bhiysa¦n kwØm\§Ä¡v s^Utdj\nÂ\n¶p hn«pt]mbn hoWvSpw kzX{´]cam[nImccmPy§fmbn¯ocmsa¶pw hyhØ sN¿p¶p (Right to Secession). tI{µ¯nse s^Ud kÀ¡mcn\v tZiob{]m[m\yapÅ hnjb§fn \nbaw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\pw \b§Ä cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\pw am{Xta A[nImcw \ÂIs¸SpIbpÅq. C¯cw cmPy§fn s^Ud X¯z§fpambn _Ôs¸« `cWLS\mt`ZKXnIÄ ANn´\obamWv. AXpsImWvSmWv 1950  \nehnÂh¶ C´ybpsS `cWLS\ \qdn¸cw XhW t`ZKXnIÄ¡p hnt[bambt¸mÄ 1778  \nehnÂh¶ Atacn¡bpsS `cWLS\bn CXphsc ap¸Xn¯msg am{Xw t`ZKXnIÄ km[yambncn¡p¶Xpw.
IayqWnÌpcmPyambncp¶ ]gb tkmhnbäv bqWnb³t]mepw cq]oIcn¡s¸«Xv Cu s^Ud X¯z§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv. ]t£, \½psS `cWLS\minev]nIÄ {_n«ojv ]mÀesaâp ]mkm¡nb 1919 sebpw 1935 sebpw Kh¬saâv Hm^v C´y BIvSpIfpsS NphSp]nSn¨v iàamb Hcp tI{µkÀ¡mcn\pthWvSn Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncp¶p. hn`P\kabs¯ kwLÀj§fpw, `mjbpsS ASnØm\¯nepÅ kwØm\cq]oIcWhmZ§fpw, `mhnbn DWvSmtb¡mhp¶ A´ivOn{Zkm[yXIfpw ap³\nÀ¯n Hcp DS¼SnbpsS ASnØm\¯nepÅ s^Ud cmjv{Scq]oIcWt¯mSp apJwXncnªp \n¡pIbmbncp¶p \½psS `cWLS\minev]nIÄ sNbvXXv. AhcpsS Xocpam\w ]qÀWambpw icnbmbncp¶p F¶mWv ]n¶oSv kzmX{´ym\´tc´ybn DWvSmb kw`hhnImk§Ä sXfnbn¨Xv. tkmhyäv bqWnb³, sNt¡mtÉmhmIy, bptKmÉmhnb XpS§nb ]e s^Ud cmPy§fpw A´iv On{Z§fneqsS XIÀ¶v Ncn{X¯nsâ `mKambt¸mgpw s^Ud {]tXyIXIfpÅ bqWnädn cmPyambn C´y \nesImWvSXv A¶s¯ `cWm[nImcnIfpsS ZoÀLho£Ww aqeamWv.
]t£, C´y ]qÀWmÀ°¯n Hcp s^Utdj³ Aà F¶p ]dbpt¼mgpw ImivaocpambpÅ C´ybpsS _Ôw thdn«p\n¡p¶p. ]qÀWambpw s^Ud X¯z§fn A[njvTnXamb Hcp _ÔamWv tI{µkÀ¡mcn\v P½pImivaocpambn DÅXv. C´ybpsS aäp {]tZi§Ä FÃmw D]m[nclnXambn C´y³ bqWnb\n ebn¨ptNÀ¶t¸mÄ ImivaoÀ `qcn]£w kzX{´]cam[nImcmhImi§fpw \ne\nÀ¯ns¡mWvSv Hcp DS¼Sn hgnbmbn C´ytbmSp tNÀ¶p\n¡pIbmWp sNbvXXv. C´y³ kzmX{´y\nba¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n kzX{´ambn \n¡mt\m, ]m¡nØmt\mSp tNcmt\m FÃm AhImi§fpw DWvSmbncp¶ ImivaoÀ Hcp DS¼Sn hgnbmbn C´ytbmSp _Ôn¡s¸«Xv X§fpsS kzX{´]cam[nImcmhImi§Ä kwc£n¡s¸Spw F¶ Dd¨ hnizmk¯nembncp¶p. ]m¡nØms\m¸w tNcm\pÅ kz´w AWnIfpsS kmapZmbnIhnImc§sf XÅn¡fªpsImWvSv C´ybvs¡m¸w Dd¨p\n¡phm³ Xocpam\n¨ sjbv¡v A_vZpÅ F¶ henb a\pjyt\mSpw At±lw {]Xn\n[oIcn¡p¶ henb P\XtbmSpw DS¼SnbneqsS C´y \ÂInb hmKvZm\w Bbncp¶p kzbw`cWw.
1948 amÀ¨n almcmPmhmbncp¶ lcnknMv P\Iob t\Xmhmbncp¶ sjbvJv A_vZpÅsb {][m\a{´nbm¡n Imivaocn XmXvImenIkÀ¡mcn\p cq]w \evIn. CXn\ptijw sjbvJv A_vZpÅbpw At±l¯nsâ a{´nk`bnse aq¶p a{´namcpw C´ybpsS `cWLS\m\nÀ½mWk`bpsS `mKambn tNÀ¶psImWvSv ImivaoÀ C´ybpsS `mKam¡p¶Xn\pw AXn\mbn Imivaocn\v {]tXyI ]Zhn \evIp¶ 370 hIp¸v cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\papÅ ZoÀLamb NÀ¨Ifn ]¦ptNÀ¶p. \oWvS NÀ¨IÄ¡ptijw 1950 P\phcnbn `cWLS\m\nÀ½mWk` 370 hIp¸v DÄs¸sSbpÅ hyhØIfpsS ASnØm\¯n C´ybpsS `cWLS\ AwKoIcn¨p. 1949 HIvtSm_À 17 \mWv CXp `cWLS\bpsS `mKambXv. C´y F¶ cmPyw \ne\n¡pthmfw C´ybpsS `cWLS\hgn Dd¸p \ÂIs¸« B hmKvZm\w Ct¸mÄ GI]£obambn A«nadn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv.
C´ybpsS `cWLS\mX¯z§fpsS \áamb ewL\amWv Imivaocn\p \ÂInb kzbw`cWmhImiw ]n³hen¨psImWvSpw Imivaocns\ sh«napdn¨psImWvSpw DWvSmb tamZnkÀ¡mcnsâ Xocpam\w. \nehnepÅ kwØm\§sf hn`Pn¡pItbm ]pXnb kwØm\§Ä cq]oIcn¡pItbm sN¿pt¼mÄ ]ment¡WvS am\ZÞ§sf¡pdn¨p ]dbp¶ `cWLS\bpsS aq¶mw hIp¸v _Ôs¸« kwØm\\nbak`bpsS AwKoImct¯msS am{Xta CXn\pthWvSnbpÅ _nÃv ]mÀesaân AhXcn¸n¡mhq F¶p hyàam¡p¶p. 1947 Pqsse A©n\v C´y³ kzmX{´y\nbaw \nehn h¶tXmsS \m«pcmPy§fpambn Cw¥ojv CuÌn´ymI¼\nbpw {_n«ojv kÀ¡mcpw H¸ph¨ FÃm IcmdpIfpw d±mhpIbpw \m«pcmPy§Ä¡v AhbpsS kzX{´]cam[nImcw Xncn¨pIn«pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. C´ybpambn ImivaoÀ {Soän Hm^v BIvkj³ H¸phbv¡pt¼mÄ AXp cWvSp ]cam[nImccmPy§Ä X½nepÅ DS¼Sn BbXn\m C´ybv¡v GI]£obambn AXp d±p sN¿phm³ IgnbnÃmXmbncn¡pIbmWv. {SoänHm^v BIvkj³ DS¼SnbpsS hIp¸v 1 kn \n_Ô\bn C§s\ ]dbp¶p: ""C´ybpsS `cWLS\bnse 370 hIp¸v FSp¯pIfbpItbm Akm[phm¡pItbm sNbvXm ImivaoÀ C´ybpsS `mKamIp¶ IcmÀ d±m¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw'' ^e¯n {Soän Hm^v BIvkj³ CÃmXmIp¶tXmsS ]gb kzX{´]cam[nImc\nebnte¡v ImivaoÀ amdpIbmWv.
IqSmsX, BÀ«n¡nÄ 370 sâ aq¶mw A\ptÑZ{]Imcw {]knUân\p s]mXp Adnbn¸n\ptijw P½pImivaocnse kwØm\ Akw»nbpsS in]mÀitbmSpIqSn am{Xta CXp ]n³hen¡m³ A[nImcapÅq. IqSmsX _nÃpIÄ ]mÀesaân AhXcn¸n¡p¶Xn\p cWvSp Znhkw ap¼v _nÃnsâ tIm¸nIÄ AwK§Ä¡p hnXcWw sN¿Ww F¶ hyhØ ChnsS ]men¡s¸«n«nÃ. `cWLS\mhIp¸pIfn amäw hcp¯p¶Xn\v `cWLS\mt`ZKXnIsf¡pdn¨p ]dbp¶ BÀ«n¡nÄ 368 {]ImcaÃmsX {]knUânsâ Hcp D¯chpsImWvSpam{Xw `cWLS\bpsS kp{][m\ hIp¸mb BÀ«n¡nÄ 370 ]n³hen¨Xv `cWLS\tbmSpÅ ISp¯ Ahtlf\amWv.
Imivaocn\pÅ kzbw`cW]Zhn ]n³hen¡m\pw Imivaocns\ sh«napdn¡m\papÅ \o¡¯n\p tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Fs´ms¡ \ymb§Ä ]dªmepw Cu Xocpam\¯n apg¨p\n¡p¶Xv kwL]cnhmdnsâ APWvSIÄ Xs¶bmWv. P\kwLw Øm]I³ iyma{]kmZv apJÀPnbmWv 1950 IfpsS XpS¡¯n "Hcp cmPyw, Hcp `cWLS\, Hcp ]XmI' F¶ ap{ZmhmIyapbÀ¯n 370 hIp¸ns\Xntc BZyw {]NmcWamcw`n¨Xv. P½pImivaocn\p {]tXyI `cWLS\ F¶ Bhiyw `cWLS\mAkw»nbn At±lw iàambn FXnÀ¯ncp¶p. s\lvdp a{´nk`bn AwKambncns¡ Imivaocn\v {]tXyI ]Zhn \ÂInbXnsâ t]cn cmPnh¨nd§nbtijamWv _nsP]nbpsS ap³Imecq]amb P\kwL¯n\v apJÀPn XpS¡wIpdn¡p¶Xv. lnµpalmk`bpsSbpw cmacmPy]cnj¯nsâbpw ]n´pWtbmsS iyma{]kmZv apJÀPn BÀ«n¡nÄ 370 s\Xntc Hcp kXym{Kl¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn¨p. 1953  At±lw ImivaoÀ kµÀin¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Imivaocnte¡pÅ AXnÀ¯n apdn¨pIS¡p¶tXmsS eJ³]qcnÂh¨v 1953 tabv ]Xns\m¶n\v At±ls¯ AdÌp sNbvXp. XpSÀ¶v Pq¬ Ccp]¯naq¶n\v At±lw acWaSbpIbmWv sNbvXXv. Iivaocn\v {]tXyI ]Zhn \evIp¶ `cWLS\mhIp¸v FSp¯pIfbp¶XneqsS _nsP]n km£mXvIcn¡p¶Xv kwL]cnhmdnsâ Hcp NncImem`nemjamWv. CXn\pthWvSn C´ybpsS al¯mb `cWLS\mX¯z§sf AXnewLnt¡WvSnbncpt¶m F¶ henb tNmZywam{Xw Ahtijn¡p¶p.

 
   
       
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil

Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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